If you would like more information regarding a name on this list, please contact the Alumni Office at 802.485.2300 or firstname.lastname@example.org
. Please note that we do not have a detailed obituary for all names listed, but those we do are clickable links to the full obituary below.
H. Wilbur Aungst
Merrill H. Barber
Vernon D. Bell
Edwin J. Benjamin, Jr.
Joseph E. Bergin
Philip K. Bodge
John C. Bonney
Robert H. Borowski
Richard S. Bosworth
Maynard L. Boucher
Charles I. Boynton
Judge Dale W. Brooks
COL Frederick Brouillette
, USA (Ret), 12/8/1992
LTC John M. Burhoe
, USA (Ret), 12/15/1988
Colin M. Campbell
1LT George A. Campbell, USA (Ret)
Alphonse F. Cifrino
David E. Clarke
Gerald E. Collins
Dr. Frank L. Collins, Jr.
A. Bradford Cook
Stirling W. Copp
Richard E. Davis
John W. Day
Dr. Joseph V. De Luca
Herbert L. Dean
Richard L. Desmond
O. David Dillman
Gordon S. Dole
LTC Robert G. Dorman
Harry M. Dunham
Leon B. Edgerton
Kenneth A. Erwin
James Erwin Jr.
Burton B. Fall Jr.
Richard E. Farnham
Santino G. Fiumera
Dwain E. Flanders
Richard K. Ford
Edward C. French
COL William P. Gardiner, USA (Ret)
Daniel J. Goeke
Philip C. Greene
Martin D. Haendle
Robert Moore Hallam
John F. Hammell
LTC Robert Harrington, USA (Ret)
Francis D. Hart Jr.
Martin E. Harwood
Thomas P. Howley
Thaddeus M. Jachym
LTC Woodbury Johnson, USA (Ret)
SGT John Jones, USA (Ret)
I. Pete Katz
Thomas E. Keeney
Edward M. Keith
Roger M. King
Charles F. Knapp
Frank L. Leidtker
Albert B. Liptak
Alan T. Lockard
Allan W. Lord Jr.
Morrison A. MacPherson
James E. Marr Jr.
Donald R. Martin
Frederick T. Meinken
Warren H. Mell
John B. Monk
Dr. Carlo Q Montori MD
Willard B. Morse
J. Warren Mylchreest
Maj Robert A. Newhall, USAF (Ret)
Parker B. Nutting
Prof John O'Neill
Bertram A. Podall
LTC James F. Powers, USA (Ret)
Lincoln H. Randall
Dr. Charles A. Roy
COL Hubert E. Sargent, USAF (Ret)
Robert N. Sawyer
Hubert M. Schietinger
James A. Selleck
Charles L. Sellars
Dutee L. Smith
, 79, of Burns, Ore., 2/26/2002
MAJ Hobart L. Smith, USA (Ret)
Prentiss L. Smith
Homer Lucien Somers
Robert L. Stevenson
Dr. David M. Stewart
COL William B. Super, USA (Ret.)
Earl L. Temple
William B. Tooles
William J. Toth
Herbert W. Tutherly
Robert H. Wager Jr.
Arthur I. Watson
Lyman S. Whitney
Dr. Roger I. Williams
Robert P. Witschen
LTC Christo S. Zoukis, USA (Ret.)
Andrew Boggs, 88, of Bethlehem, PA, passed away on April 14, 2009. He will be buried in the family plot in a private burial service.
Though he began studies at Norwich in 1940, Andy’s graduation from Norwich was delayed until 1947 while he completed service in World War II. He earned recognition by receiving the World War II Victory Medal, American Theatre and occupation ribbons, the Belgian Military Cross, and the European-African-Middle-Eastern Campaign Medal with three campaign stars. Andy retired from the Army with the rank of major.
Organization, administration, and service were the watch words for the former Executive Director of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). ASHRAE voted him their highest honor- Executive Vice President Emeritus, an Honorary Member of the Society when Andy retired in 1985, after 30 years of service.
Andy was active in a number of groups including the Standards Engineers Society, American Society of Association of Executives, NY Society of Association Executives, and as a past president of the Council of Engineers and Scientific Society Executives. Andy was also listed in “Who’s Who in Engineering.
Andy was a past president of the Alumni Association, Alumni trustee, three term member of the Board of Fellows, and in 1977 the recipient of the University’s Distinguished Alumnus Award. Andy also served as president of the Partridge Society for a number of years, and also volunteered as a NORWICH 2000 Steering Committee members and campaign volunteer.
Andy believed strongly in the values of Norwich University and was recognized as a One-Star General in the Partridge Society for his dedication. Andy was also a member of the 1819 Circle. While at Norwich he was a brother in Theta Chi, played for the concert band, was a member of Regimental Band and the Grenadiers Band.
Gerald E. Collins
Gerald E. Collins, 85, of Rochester, N.Y., passed away peacefully, surrounded by family, on January 8, 2010.
Jerry began attending Norwich in 1939; however, his academic career was put on hold when he joined in the war effort. Jerry was a Captain in Patton's U.S. Army in Germany in World War II. He fought in the Battle of the Bulge and was awarded a Bronze Star.
Jerry earned his bachelor's degree in chemistry in 1947. He worked around the country for General Electric Company for 20 years and was president of General Railway Signal (GRS) in Rochester for 21 years.
He was passionate about his community board work, including Rochester Community Savings Bank, St. John Fisher College, The Center for Government Research, Boy Scouts, Career Development Services, Strong Memorial Hospital, and Genesee Region Home Health Care. He was equally passionate about downhill skiing and the game of golf. He was a member of Oak Hill Country Club for 41 years and was proud of his several holes-in-one.
He is survived by his beloved wife of 62 years, Connie; seven children, Deene (George) Kennon, Chris (Mary) Collins, Joy (Maggie) Collins, Lynn (Yogi) Schiller, Claudia (John) Topping, Marcia (Brian) Geary, Ted (Susan) Collins; 16 grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Jerry was pre-deceased by his brother Bob.
LTC Robert G. Dorman
LTC Robert G. Dorman, 87, former resident of Northfield, died Sunday, February 3, 2008 at the Callaway County Hospital in Fulton, Missouri. He was born October 9, 1920, in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Robert & Mary (McConnell) Dorman. He is a graduate of Norwich University, class of 1944, where he earned his BS in economics and earned his Master's Degree in education at St. Michael's College in Colchester.
LTC Dorman was a career Army veteran, having served in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and many other locations around the country as well as abroad. He retired from the military in the early 1970s with over thirty years of service. He worked for the Vermont Department of Labor in Montpelier, was the Town Manager of Northfield for many years and taught at the Missouri Military Academy in Mexico, Missouri for nine years, prior to his retirement.
He had been married to Mary Louise Mangan. He later married Jean Stringer in Hope Summit, Missouri.
He enjoyed fishing, hunting, golf, and coaching youth athletics.
Survivors include his wife, Jean Dorman of Fulton, MO; seven children, Robert Dorman of Laugue City, TX, Richard Dorman of Plymouth, MA, Ronald Dorman of Corvallis, OR, David Dorman of Bayville, TX, James Dorman of Northfield; Thomas Dorman of Sharon, Katherine Beebe of Castleton; eleven grandchildren; and four great grandchildren.
He is predeceased by his sister, Dorothy Dorman.
Philip C. Greene
Philip C. Greene, 84, of Mystic, Conn., died March 10, 2006. Philip was born Nov. 23, 1921, in Westerly, to Helen Taber and Lewis R. Marston. He graduated from Westerly High School. During his time at Norwich, he was a member of the Glee Club and Theta Chi. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, then served his country in World War II as a 2nd lieutenant with the 782nd Tank Battalion in Europe.
After the war, he sold oil drilling equipment in South America and then worked for New England Wire and Cable. He soon joined Davis-Standard Machinery Co., selling extruders worldwide in the wire and cable industry, later serving as president, responsible for the company's expansion and relocation from Mystic to Stonington. He then began a new career with Connecticut General Life Ins. Co (CIGNA) as an estate planner, retiring in 1998.
He has served as Campaign Chairman and President for United Way of SE Connecticut, as well as serving on other local campaign drives for the Mystic Congregational Church Organ Fund and the Mystic Community Center's move from Pearl Street to William's Point in Mystic. He was a longtime director of Chelsea Groton Bank and an incorporator with both L&M Hospital and The Westerly Hospital. He served many years on the Groton Town Retirement Board. He was a member of the Thames Club, Ram Island Yacht Club, Off Soundings Club, Mystic and Hopkinton historical societies, Mystic Seaport and Mystic Congregational Church where he sang in the choir for over 35 years. He loved sailing, cruising and racing with family and friends on "Blue Jacket". Always a passionate songster, he enjoyed a lively discussion and a good laugh.
He is survived by a sister, Priscilla Taylor of Camden, Maine, and a brother-in-law, John R. Wheeler Jr. of Mystic; four sons, Rod, Randy, Chip and Tom; seven grandchildren; and a great-grandson. He was predeceased by a younger brother, Rodman Taber Greene, (killed in action in World War II); a granddaughter, Julia Davis Greene (2001) and his loving wife of 59 years, Anita Wheeler Greene (2005).
Robert Moore Hallam
Robert Moore Hallam, 87, passed away Monday, February 1, 2010, surrounded by his loving family. Born in Springfield, MA on March 20, 1922, he graduated from Technical High School in Springfield. Bob received engineering degrees from the University of Illinois and Norwich University. In addition, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Engineering Degree from Norwich in 1970. While at Norwich, Bob played on the basketball team and was a brother of Sigma Nu. Following graduation, Bob was a lifetime member of the Partridge Society, a member of the 1819 Circle, a former trustee, and a former fellow.
Bob served in the US Army during World War II in the 2nd and 8th Armored Divisions. He attained the rank of major, serving as a tank commander and aide to General John Divine. Decorations and citations he received included the Bronze Star, Army Commendation for distinguished service in ground combat, the Purple Heart, Good Conduct Medal, American Campaign, European Campaign (three battle stars), Victory Medal, WWII, Army of Occupation, National Defense Metal, Russian “Award of Guard,” and the Armed Forces Reserve Medal.
Following his military service, Bob returned to Springfield and married the love of his life, Barbara Barnett, on May 18, 1946. He also began his career as a mechanical engineer with Associated Engineers, Inc. He was president of Colonial Engineering Company; president and CEO of the R.M. Hallam Company and chairman of the Board of TRC Companies, Inc. Bob enjoyed over 35 years of retirement pursuing his passions of photography, fishing, and travel.
Bob is survived by his wife of 64 years, Barbara, and his children, David M. Hallam '70 and his wife, Patty, Richard F. Hallam and his wife, Susan, Cheryl A. Jobbins and her husband, William, and Barbara H. Fleming and her husband, EJ Fleming. Bob was blessed with 13 grandchildren and 7 great grandchildren.
In lieu of flowers, contributions may be sent to the Hallam-Barnett Scholarship Fund, c/o of Norwich University, 158 Harmon Drive, Northfield, VT 05663.
Martin E. Harwood
Martin E. Harwood, 87, of Brunswick, ME, died at his home in the presence of family on July 16, 2008.
He was born on Feb. 11, 1921, in Hanover, N.H. He graduated from Lebanon (N.H.) High School and attended Norwich, where he was a Brother of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and where he earned a degree in Economics. He later attended Boston University and acquired a master's degree in Secondary Education.
During World War II, Mr. Harwood served in the United States Army with the 13th and 82nd Airborne Divisions.
In 1945, he married Wynetta Brown of Lebanon, N.H. After 38 years of marriage, raising their two daughters and living a very full life, Winnie passed away in 1983.
Marty taught in schools in Rochester, North Stratford and Laconia, N.H. He coached football, basketball and basebal! l. In 1951, he was recalled for military service during the Korean Conflict. From 1968 to 1982, he served as principal in the Laconia Middle School.
An avid outdoorsman, Marty enjoyed fly fishing, hunting and golfing. For many years he taught fly-tying classes in the Laconia Adult Education program. He was a very active photographer of New England scenics and he was a writer of nature-related articles. Many of his photos were featured in calendars, magazines and postcards.
Mr. Harwood was a member of the New Hampshire Lakes Region Camera Club, serving as its president for two years. He was a member of the Lady of the Lakes Church in Laconia and served as a volunteer for several local agencies.
In April 2002, Mr. Harwood married Agnes Strout of Brunswick, Maine. They have enjoyed six happy and active years.
Family members include daughters Louise Harwood Crowley and son-in-law Roger of Montpelier, Vt., and Susan Harwood and son-in-law Jack Alves of Scottsdale, Ariz.; sist! er Loretta Marsh of Appleton, Wisc.; brother James Harwood of Merrimack, N.H.; and his four stepchildren, Nancy Strout, Peggy Masek, Dana Strout and Stanley Strout and their families.
Donations in his memory may be made to a charitable organization of one's choice.
Condolences may be expressed at www.brackettfuneralhome.com.
Thomas P. Howley
Thomas P. Howley passed away on July 6, 2011 in Naples, Fla., following a brief illness. He was born November 30, 1922 in Rutland, Vt., to Patrick Francis Howley and Mae Smith Howley.
Tom and his wife of 59 years, Jean Hyatt Howley, were residents of Imperial Golf Estates. An avid tennis player and golfer, he and his wife retired to Naples, FL, following his career as an industrial engineer with ITT. A veteran of WW II, Tom graduated from Norwich University with a bachelor of science in economics in 1944.
He began his career with General Electric in Schenectady, NY and then later joined ITT and moved with his family to Brussels, Belgium for five years before settling in Wilton, Conn. While in Brussels, he started an English speaking elementary school for 104 students. Today, St. John's International School has 950 students from pre-school through high school.
After retirement, he and his wife volunteered in Sri Lanka as a consultant to a coconut processing complex. He traveled widely throughout the world for both work and pleasure. He enjoyed fishing, hunting, and oil painting. Upon retirement he taught himself how to carve and paint decoys, which he gave to his wife, children, and grandchildren.
Tom is survived by his wife, Jean, of Naples, Fla.; his children, Guy S. Howley of Ridgefield, Conn., Denise A. Howley of Arlington, Mass., Pamela Howley Crawbuck and her husband, Bob, of Dover, N.H., Patrick T. Howley and his wife, Lisa Altomare, of Anthem, Ariz., and Melissa J. Howley of Nashua, N.H. He is also survived by six granddaughters, Jenna Cusack and Shana Cusack Mahoney of Amesbury, Mass., Nicole and Mikayla Howley of Anthem, Ariz., and Olivia and Eliza Howley of Nashua, N.H. He was preceded in death by both his parents; his sister, Patricia Howley Rehfuss; and his brother in law, John W. Rehfuss.
A celebration of his life will take place in Nashua, NH at a later date. Internment will follow in Rutland, VT. If desired, contributions in Tom Howley's name may be made to Avow Hospice of Naples, 1095 Whippoorwill Lane, Naples, FL 34105. Condolences may be left online at: www.legacy.com
Roger M. King
Roger MacConnell King, 91, of Virginia Beach, Va., died peacefully on Sunday, January 20, 2013.
Roger was born on December 3, 1921, in Hollis, N.Y., to Samuel R. King and Mabel MacConnell King. He attended high school in Hollis, but also called Chatham, N.J., home for a few years when his parents moved there. Roger began college at Norwich University with the Class of 1944. His college career was interrupted by service in World War II. He served with the Fifth Airdrome Squadron of the 8th Air Force, in the European Theater, including in Ireland, England, and Germany. After WWII, he finished college at Rutgers University, Class of 1948.
Almost the entirety of Roger’s professional career was with the Insurance Company of North America (INA, now part of CIGNA), in Philadelphia, Pa., with a short stint in Austin, Texas, where his two sons, Jeff and Neil, were born. Upon retirement, Roger moved to Rockport, Maine, which he loved.
Roger is survived by his sons: Jeff of Virginia Beach, Va., and Neil of Norfolk, Va.; and his grandchildren: Katherine and Kendall of Virginia Beach, and Kaitlin, Kyle and Evan of Norfolk.
Memorial contributions may be made to the Owls Head Transportation Museum (Volunteer Support), PO Box 277, Owls Head, Maine, 04854, or www.ohtm.org. Roger volunteered there and thoroughly enjoyed its great collection and shows of antique cars and airplanes.
Dr. Charles A. Roy
Dr. Charles A. Roy, 88, died Thursday, October 6, 2011, at Baystate Medical Center in Springfield. He leaves his wife of 65 years, Claire (Lusignan) Roy. They were married September 7, 1946. He leaves 3 sons, Charles Roy, Jr. and his wife Jill of Morrison, CO, Richard Roy and his wife Heidi of Breckenridge, CO, and John Roy and his wife Mari of Charlton; 6 grandchildren and a great-grandchild. He also leaves a brother, Philippe Roy and his wife Connie of Brooklyn, CT, and a sister, Pauline Rowett of Sunapee, NH, many nieces and nephews. Dr. Roy was born in Southbridge, November 1, 1922, son of Arthur and Eugenie (Tetreault) Roy and lived here all his life. He was a member of Notre Dame Church, and was a US Army veteran of WW II, and the Korean War. He graduated from Mary E. Wells High School Class of 1940, graduated from Norwich University, and Tufts Medical School. Dr. Roy practiced Pediatric medicine for 47 years in Southbridge, retiring in May 1990. He was a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Medical Association, Massachusetts Medical Society, New England Pediatrics Society, Worcester District Medical Society, Member and Past President of Harrington Memorial Hospital. He was also Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at UMass Medical School in Worcester, MA, Past President of the Southbridge Lions Club, Tri-Community YMCA, and Tri-Community United Way, past member of the Southbridge Board of Public Welfare, and Southbridge School Committee. He was also the school physician for the Town of Southbridge Public Schools for several years. The funeral will be Tuesday, October 11, 2011 from Sansoucy Funeral Home, 40 Marcy St., Southbridge with a Mass at 10 AM at Notre Dame Church, 446 Main St., Southbridge. Calling hours at the funeral home are Monday, October 10, 2011, from 4-7 PM. Burial with Military Honors will be at New Notre Dame Cemetery, N. Woodstock Rd., Southbridge. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Alzheimer's Support Network, P.O. Box 839, Southbridge, MA 01550.
Hubert M. Schietinger
Hubert M. Schietinger, 89 years old, of Leander, Texas, died of natural causes at his home in the presence of family on August 14, 2011.
He was born on February 6, 1922, in Bridgeport, CT. He graduated from Norwich University Class of 44, where he earned a degree in civil engineering. He played on the hockey team.
During World War II, Mr. Schietinger served in the United States Army with the 10th Armored Division. He fought in the Battle of the Bulge where he earned the Silver Star, two Bronze Stars, and two Purple Hearts, Good Conduct Medal, European Campaign Medal, WW II Victory Medal, Occupational Medal (Germany), National Defense Service Medal, and Presidential Unit Emblem (Bastogne). Mr. Schietinger was also recalled to service during the Korean War.
In 1948, he married Olive Stevens of Loma, Montana. They raised six children.
Mr. Schietinger worked for M. W. Kellogg for over 40-years specializing in rigging and linings. He travelled all over the world on business including Japan, Pakistan, India, Algeria, Mexico and South America to name a few. His residences included stops in Wyoming, Canada, Ohio, New Jersey, Connecticut, Demark, and Texas.
Mr. Schietinger is survived by his wife Olive, children Tom, Peter, Joanne, Mark, Mary, and John – eleven grandchildren, six great-grandchildren, and his sister, Eleanor Clark. He is preceded in death by his parents Joseph and Bertha, and grandson Joe Elmore.
James A. Selleck
James A. Selleck, 89, a lifelong resident of Rutland, passed away unexpectedly on December 13, 2010. He was born in Rutland, August 10, 1921, son of Robert E. Selleck and Vera Grace (Eitapence) Selleck. Jim attended Rutland High School, graduating in 1940. On March 6, 1943, he married Wilma Burke.
In 1944, while attending Norwich University, Jim was deployed to the Philippines and later to occupied Japan. He returned in 1946 and began work at Central Vermont Public Service as a dispatcher. He retired after 37 years from CVPS as a senior distribution engineer. Jim was a member of Immaculate Heart of Mary Church, the Rutland American Legion and a 16-year member of the Engineers Club of Rutland County, serving as president in 1978 and 1979. Besides his love of family, he enjoyed hunting, fishing and gardening, frequently sharing his harvests with neighbors and friends, especially those at Seward's.
Jim is survived by his wife of 67 years, Wilma; his sons, Peter A. Selleck and Robert J. Selleck of Rutland; and his daughter and son-in-law, Patricia and Thomas Chestnut of Santa Maria, Calif. He was a devoted grandfather to his three granddaughters, Nicole Selleck Collette of Rutland, Amy Chestnut Noble and Holly Chestnut Konieczny of Milford, N.H., and a great-grandfather to four great-grandchildren. He had numerous nieces and nephews. Jim was preceded in death by his fraternal twin sister, Jean Selleck Day.
Homer Lucien Somers
Homer Lucien Somers, 90, died on January 11, 2012, at the Rutland Regional Medical Center.
He was born in Newport, Vt., on October 22, 1921, the son of Dr. Henry E. Somers and Dorcas (Desaulniers) Somers.
Homer graduated from Newport High School, Class of 1940, and Norwich University in 1947, (Class of 1944). While at Norwich, Homer never walked a tour, and he never fell off a horse! He served in the 5th Army in Italy during WWII, and remained in the Army reserves, retiring as a major after 20 years.
In June 1952 he married Helga Muller of Bamberg, Germany. They had two sons and a daughter. In September 1984, he married Alma Schmelzenbach of Tinmouth, Vt., and gained three stepsons.
He taught at a military school in Texas for two years, then worked for the Ansonia Sentinel (Conn.) as an assistant to the publisher for nine years, after which he worked for Ottaway Newspapers, Inc., a subsidiary of Dow Jones Co., as Director of National Advertising Sales for 22 years.
A faithful Rotarian, he served in several clubs for 60 years. He also served as a YMCA director in Ansonia, Conn., for over 20 years. Homer was an active supporter of the Boy Scouts, YMCA and community chests.
With his wife Alma, he traveled the world, adding great experiences to his already interesting life.
Homer is survived by his wife, Alma; son, Hans Somers; daughter, Heidi Barsony; three stepsons: Lothar, Thomas, and Christopher Schmelzenbach; and granddaughter, Erika. He was predeceased by his first wife, Helga, in 1978, his son Henry in 2008, and his sister, Joyce Mundell, in 1999.
There will be a memorial service and Mass at Christ the King Church in Rutland, with the date to be announced.
Condolences may be sent to Alma Somers, P.O. Box 340, Wallingford, VT 05773.
Homer will be truly missed by all who knew and loved him.
Neil Stone, 87, of Potsdam, NY, died April 5, 2008, after being seriously ill for several months. Neil had been living in a nursing home in upstate Pennsylvania with his wife Marilyn for over a year.
While at Norwich, Neil played on the football team and was picked as all-state fullback in 1942. He was also part of the fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Neil’s time at Norwich was interrupted by WWII when he was sent to the Philippines where he fought as a first lieutenant in the cavalry. After the war he returned to Norwich and completed his engineering degree.
Neil is survived by his wife Marilyn; a son, Peter Stone, in Potsdam, NY; and a daughter, Lynda Garner, in Shohola, PA.
COL William B. Super, USA (Ret.)
COL William B. Super, USA (Ret.), 88, a long-time resident of Mount Vernon, Va., passed away on January 1, 2011 of congestive heart failure. William was born in Norwich, Conn., and raised in North Adams, Mass.
He was a 1947 graduate of Norwich University in Northfield, Vt., and received a master's degree in administration from George Washington University.
During World War II, he served in the Army in Europe with an engineer combat battalion. William joined the Navy in 1966 after many years of doing engineering work for the Army and working as a mid-Atlantic track supervisor for the Pennsylvania Railroad. He retired in 1982 as an acquisition appraisal manager at Naval Sea Systems Command.
In retirement, he was a tax counselor for H&R Block and worked as a real estate agent at Shannon and Luchs. He had recently moved to Greenspring retirement community in Springfield, Va., from Mount Vernon, Va. His memberships included St. James' Episcopal Church at Mount Vernon in Alexandria, the Mount Vernon Civic Association, and the Masons.
He is survived by his wife, Mary Knupp Super; son, William Super; daughters, Suzanne Allen and Barbara Mathis; sister, Janice Glisson; four grandchildren, Samantha Mathis, Grady Mathis, Randy Allen, and Daniel Allen.
In lieu of flowers, those who wish may donate to Greenspring Benevolent Fund.